The territory where Como is located has been populated since the middle ages. The hills towards the South prove that this territory belonged to the Golasecca civilization thanks to Ca’ Morta’s archaeological fi ndings. However, Como was only urbanized after the arrival of the Romans.Between 59 and 49 B.C. Giulio Cesare (Julius Cesar) founded the city of Como and surrounded it by walls, the remains of which can still be seen today under the main Medieval tower.Located on an important trading route, the Via Regia, which united Italy and the north of Europe Como became a fl ourishing centre for commercial trading and handicraft activity. It was the beginnin of a centuries-old history that in its various stages can be traced strolling in the city center. The historic center of Como, the so-called “Città murata”, is rich in monuments from different historical periods located within the ancient medieval walls. The city can be easily explored on foot. In this section you can find some basic information about the most famous monuments.
Walled city and surroundings
In the principal square, the Piazza del Duomo, the Broletto rises, an antique town hall built in 1200, in white, grey and pink marble with stones from the Lake Como quarries. In the same century, besides the elegant arcade the town’s bell-tower was built. The Duomo was built
The city from the center to Villa Olmo
Piazza Cavour is the starting point for an itinerary which allows us to capture some particular aspects of the city and the symbiotic relationship it always entertains with its lake. In ancient times this space, now a vast square with a modern character, was the commercial harbor. From here the view of the first basin of the lake is spectacular. Walking along the left side of the lake, you see the public gardens. In this area there are monuments from the modern-age. The Monument to the European Resistance